Monteiro de Castro, Manuel
Order in College: Cardinal Deacon
With Title: San Domenico di Guzman
Native Country: Portugal
Appointed by: Benedict XVI on 18 February 2012
Ecclesiastical Office:  Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary 
Papal Elector: Eligible; Ineligible on 29 March 2018

Cardinal Manuel Monteiro de Castro was born on 29 March 1938 in Santa Eufémia de Prazins, Portugal. He holds a doctorate in canon law and a diploma in diplomacy and is a lawyer of the Sacred Roman Rota. He was ordained a priest on 9 July 1961 and exercised his priestly ministry in the Archdiocese of Braga. He entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See and served in Guatemala, Vietnam, Cambodia, Australia, Papua New Guinea, Mexico. He was appointed Apostolic Nuncio in Belgium, Luxembourg and the European Community. He received episcopal ordination on 23 March 1985, subsequent to his appointment as titular Archbishop of Benevento, as Apostolic Nuncio in various countries in the Antilles and as Apostolic Delegate in others. He was also Apostolic Nuncio in Honduras, El Salvador, until 1998 when he was transferred to South Africa and Namibia, Lesotho, Swaziland, then from 2000 to 2009 in Spain and in Andorra. He was also Permanent Observer of the Holy See to the World Tourism Organization and has been Secretary of the Congregation for Bishops and of the College of Cardinals since 2009. The Pope appointed him Major Penitentiary on 5 January 2012.