Parolin, Pietro
Order in College: Cardinal Priest
With Title: Santi Simone e Guida Taddeo a Torre Angela
Native Country: Italy
Appointed by: Pope Francis on 22 February 2014
Ecclesiastical Office:  Secretary of State 
Papal Elector: Eligible; Ineligible on 17 January 2035

Pietro Parolin was born in Schiavon, Italy, on 17 January 1955. At the age of 14 he entered the seminary of Vicenza. He was ordained a priest on 27 April 1980. In 1983 he entered the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy and entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See on 1 July 1986, subsequently serving in Nigeria and Mexico. In 1986 he also obtained a degree in canon law at the Gregorian with a thesis on the Synod of Bishops. On 30 November 2002 John Paul II appointed him Undersecretary of the Section of the Secretariat of State for Relations with States, an office he held for nearly seven years. Expert in matters concerning the Middle East, he has worked specifically to build up and reinforce relations between the Holy See and Vietnam. He also contributed to reopening dialogue between Israelis and Palestinians. In December 2008 he led the delegation that took part in the work of the Permanent Bilateral Commission between the Holy See and the State of Israel. On 17 August 2009 he was appointed Apostolic Nuncio to Venezuela and was elevated to Archbishop with the titular episcopal see of Acquapendente. He received his episcopal ordination on 12 September 2009. On 31 August 2013 Pope Francis appointed him Secretary of State and he entered into office on 15 October. He is currently a member of the Congregation for Bishops and of the Commission of Cardinals overseeing the Institute for Works of Religion.