Souraphiel, CM, Berhaneyesus Demerew
Order in College: Cardinal Priest
With Title: San Romano Martire
Native Country: Ethiopia
Appointed by: Pope Francis on 14 February 2015
Ecclesiastical Office:  Archbishop of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 
Papal Elector: Eligible; Ineligible on 14 July 2028

Berhaneyesus Demerew Souraphiel was born in Cheleleqa, Ethiopia on 14 July 1948. In 1963 he entered the Lazarist Minor Seminary and then he studied philosophy at the Makanissa Major Seminary. In 1970 he moved to London where he studied at the Missionary Institute and earned a bachelor of divinity at King's College. He was ordained a priest on 4 July 1976 in Ethiopia where he was imprisoned by the Communists from 1979-1980. On release, he moved to Rome, where he served as delegate to the General Assembly of the Congregation of the Mission and earned a Master's in socio-economic development at the Pontifical Gregorian University. He returned to Ethiopia and in 1985 began serving as director of the Lazarist Novitiate, as well as serving a parish and lecturing at the St Francis Institute of Philosophy and Theology. With the establishment of the Apostolic Prefecture of Jimma-Bonga, Ethiopia on 10 June 1994, he became the first apostolic prefect. He was ordained a bishop on 25 January 1998, following his appointment as titular Bishop of Bita and as Auxiliary of the Archdiocese of Addis Ababa. On 7 July 1999 he was appointed Archbishop of Addis Ababa. Since 2000 he has served as president of the Catholic Bishops Conference of Ethiopia, as official representative of the Catholic Church to the Ethiopian Government and international organizations in Ethiopia. In 2003 he was appointed consultor of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches. In 2014 he was elected chairman of the Association of Member Episcopal Conferences in Eastern Africa.