There is also a need to create a new culture of international solidarity and
cooperation, where all particularly the wealthy nations and the private sector
accept responsibility for an economic model which serves everyone. There should be
no more postponement of the time when the poor Lazarus can sit beside the rich man to
share the same banquet and be forced no more to feed on the scraps that fall from the
table (cf. Lk 16:19-31). Extreme poverty is a source of violence, bitterness and scandal;
and to eradicate it is to do the work of justice and therefore the work of peace.
The Jubilee is a further summons to conversion of heart through a change of life. It is
a reminder to all that they should give absolute importance neither to the goods of the
earth, since these are not God, nor to man's domination or claim to domination, since the
earth belongs to God and to him alone: "the earth is mine and you are strangers and
sojourners with me" (Lev 25:23). May this year of grace touch the hearts of those who
hold in their hands the fate of the world's peoples!
13. A sign of the truth of Christian love, ageless but especially powerful today, is
the memory of the martyrs. Their witness must not be forgotten. They are the ones who have
proclaimed the Gospel by giving their lives for love. The martyr, especially in our own
days, is a sign of that greater love which sums up all other values. The martyr's life
reflects the extraordinary words uttered by Christ on the Cross: "Father, forgive
them, for they know not what they do" (Lk 23:34). The believer who has seriously
pondered his Christian vocation, including what Revelation has to say about the
possibility of martyrdom, cannot exclude it from his own life's horizon. The two thousand
years since the birth of Christ are marked by the ever-present witness of the martyrs.
This century now drawing to a close has known very many martyrs, especially because of
Nazism, Communism, and racial or tribal conflicts. People from every sector of society
have suffered for their faith, paying with their blood for their fidelity to Christ and
the Church, or courageously facing interminable years of imprisonment and privations of
every kind because they refused to yield to an ideology which had become a pitiless
dictatorial regime. From the psychological point of view, martyrdom is the most eloquent
proof of the truth of the faith, for faith can give a human face even to the most violent
of deaths and show its beauty even in the midst of the most atrocious persecutions.
Filled with grace during the coming Jubilee year, we shall be able with new strength to
raise the hymn of thanksgiving to the Father, singing: Te martyrum candidatus laudat
exercitus. Yes, this is the host of those who "have washed their robes and made them
white in the blood of the Lamb" (Rev 7:14). For this reason the Church in every
corner of the earth must remain anchored in the testimony of the martyrs and jealously
guard their memory. May the People of God, confirmed in faith by the example of these true
champions of every age, language and nation, cross with full confidence the threshold of
the Third Millennium. In the hearts of the faithful, may admiration for their martyrdom be
matched by the desire to follow their example, with God's grace, should circumstances
14. The joy of the Jubilee would not be complete if our gaze did not turn to her who in
full obedience to the Father gave birth to the Son of God in the flesh for our sake. For
Mary "the time to give birth" came to pass in Bethlehem (Lk 2:6), and filled
with the Spirit she brought forth the First-Born of the new creation. Called to be the
Mother of God, from the day of the virginal conception Mary lived the fulness of her
motherhood, crowning it on Calvary at the foot of the Cross. There, by the wondrous gift
of Christ, she also became the Mother of the Church, and showed to everyone the way that
leads to the Son.
Woman of silence, given to listening, docile in the hands of the Father, the Virgin
Mary is invoked as "blessed" by all generations, for she recognized the marvels
accomplished in her by the Holy Spirit. The nations will never grow weary of invoking the
Mother of mercy and will always find refuge under her protection. May she who with Jesus
her son and Joseph her spouse went on pilgrimage to the holy Temple of God, guard the
steps of all those who will be pilgrims in this Jubilee Year. And through the coming
months may she deign to intercede intensely for the Christian people, so that abundant
grace and mercy may be theirs, as they rejoice at the two thousand years since the birth
of their Saviour.
Let the praise of the Church rise to God the Father in the Holy Spirit for the gift of
salvation in Christ the Lord, both now and for evermore.
Given in Rome, at Saint Peter's, on 29 November, the First Sunday of Advent, in the
year of our Lord 1998, the twenty-first of my Pontificate.
John Paul II