Father celebrates 'Day of Pardon'
12 March, the First Sunday of Lent, Pope John Paul II celebrated
Holy Mass in St Peter's Basilica and asked the Lord's forgiveness
for the sins, past and present of the Church's sons and daughters.
The sacred liturgy began in front of Michelangelo's statue of the
Pieta, where the Holy Father said that the Church, like Mary,
embraces her crucified Saviour and asks the Father for pardon. Then
the Litany of the Saints was sung as the penitential procession
moved towards the Altar of the Confession, where the 15th-century
crucifix from the Church of St Marcellus "al Corso" was
placed, along with seven candles which were lighted during the
request for forgiveness. The confession of sins and the request for
pardon, in the form of a solemn prayer of the faithful, took place
after the homily. There was a confession of sins in general, of sins
committed in the service of truth, of sins, that have harmed
Christian unity, of sins against the people of Israel, of sins
against love, peace and respect for cultures and religions, of sins
against the dignity of women and the unity of the human race, and of
sins related to the fundamental rights of the person. Each category
was introduced by representatives of the Roman Curia and was
followed by the Holy Father's prayer and the chanting of a triple Kyrie
eleison. Afterwards the Pope kissed the crucifix as a sign of
veneration and the imploring of pardon. Here is a translation of the
Holy Father's homily, which he preached in Italian.
1. "We implore you, in Christ's name: be reconciled
to God! For our sake God made him who did not know sin to be sin, so
that in him we might become the righteousness of God" (2 Cor 5:
These are words of St Paul which the Church rereads
every year on Ash Wednesday, at the beginning of Lent. In the Lenten
season, the Church desires to be particularly united to Christ, who,
moved inwardly by the Holy Spirit, began his messianic mission by going
into the wilderness and fasting there for 40 days and 40 nights (cf. Mk
At the end of that fast he was tempted by Satan, as we
are told briefly by the Evangelist Mark in today's liturgy (cf. 1: 13).
Matthew and Luke, on the other hand, deal more amply with Christ's
struggle in the desert and with his definitive victory over the tempter:
"Begone, Satan! For it is written, "You shall worship the Lord
your God and him only shall you serve'" (Mt 4: 10).
speaking in this way is he "who did not know sin" (2 Cor 5:
21), Jesus, "the Holy One of God" (Mk 1: 24).
2. "He made him who did not know sin to be
sin" (2 Cor 5: 21). A few moments ago, in the second reading, we
heard this surprising assertion made by the Apostle. What do these words
mean? They seem, and in effect are, a paradox. How could God, who is
holiness itself, "make" his Only-begotten Son, sent into the
world, "to be sin"? Yet this is exactly what we read in the
passage from St Paul's Second Letter to the Corinthians. We are in the
presence of a mystery: a mystery which at first sight is baffling, but
is clearly written in divine Revelation.
Already in the Old Testament, the Book of Isaiah speaks
of it with inspired foresight in the fourth song of the Servant of
Yahweh: "We had all gone astray like sheep, each following his own
way; but the Lord laid upon him the guilt of us all" (Is 53: 6).
Although Christ, the Holy One, was absolutely sinless,
he agreed to take our sins upon himself. He agreed in order to redeem
us; he agreed to bear our sins to fufil the mission he had received from
the Father, who— as the Evangelist John writes— "so loved the
world that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him ... may
have eternal life" (Jn 3: 16).
The Church feels the need to purify
3. Before Christ who, out of love, took our guilt upon
himself, we are all invited to make a profound examination of
conscience. One of the characteristic elements of the Great Jubilee is
what I described as the "purification of memory" (Bull Incarnationis
mysterium, n. 11). As the Successor of Peter, I asked that "in
this year of mercy the Church, strong in the holiness which she receives
from her Lord, should kneel before God and implore forgiveness for the
past and present sins of her sons and daughters" (ibid.). Today,
the First Sunday of Lent, seemed to me the right occasion for the
Church, gathered spiritually round the Successor of Peter, to implore
divine forgiveness for the sins of all believers. Let us forgive and ask
This appeal has prompted a thorough and fruitful
reflection, which led to the publication several days ago of a document
of the International Theological Commission, entitled: "Memory and
Reconciliation: The Church and the Faults of the Past". I thank
everyone who helped to prepare this text. It is very useful for
correctly understanding and carrying out the authentic request for
pardon, based on the objective responsibility which Christians share as
members of the Mystical Body, and which spurs today's faithful to
recognize, along with their own sins, the sins of yesterday's
Christians, in the light of careful historical and theological
discernment. Indeed, "because of the bond which unites us to one
another in the Mystical Body, all of us, though not personally
responsible and without encroaching on the judgement of God who alone
knows every heart, bear the burden of the errors and faults of those who
have gone before us" (Incarnationis mysterium, n. 11). The
recognition of past wrongs serves to reawaken our consciences to the
compromises of the present, opening the way to conversion for everyone.
God welcomes every prodigal son who
returns to him
4. Let us forgive and ask forgiveness! While we praise
God who, in his merciful love, has produced in the Church a wonderful
harvest of holiness, missionary zeal, total dedication to Christ and
neighbour, we cannot fail to recognize the infidelities to the Gospel
committed by some of our brethren, especially during the second
millennium. Let us ask pardon for the divisions which have occurred
among Christians, for the violence some have used in the service of the
truth and for the distrustful and hostile attitudes sometimes taken
towards the followers of other religions.
Let us confess, even more, our responsibilities as
Christians for the evils of today. We must ask ourselves what our
responsibilities are regarding atheism, religious indifference,
secularism, ethical relativism, the violations of the right to life,
disregard for the poor in many countries.
We humbly ask forgiveness for the part which each of us
has had in these evils by our own actions, thus helping to disfigure the
face of the Church.
At the same time, as we confess our sins, let us forgive
the sins committed by others against us. Countless times in the course
of history Christians have suffered hardship, oppression and persecution
because of their faith. Just as the victims of such abuses forgave them,
so let us forgive as well. The Church today feels and has always felt
obliged to purify her memory of those sad events from every feeling of
rancour or revenge. In this way the Jubilee becomes for everyone a
favourable opportunity for a profound conversion to the Gospel. The
acceptance of God's forgiveness leads to the commitment to forgive our
brothers and sisters and to be reconciled with them.
God so loved the world that he
gave his only Son
5. But what does the word "reconciliation"
mean to us? To grasp its precise sense and value, we must first
recognize the possibility of division, of separation. Yes, man is the
only creature on earth who can have a relationship of communion with his
Creator, but he is also the only one who can separate himself from
Unfortunately, he has frequently turned away from God.
Fortunately many people, like the prodigal son spoken of
in the Gospel of Luke (cf. Lk 15: 13), after leaving their father's
house and squandering their inheritance, reach the very bottom and
realize how much they have lost (cf. Lk 15: 13-17). Then they set out to
return home: "I will arise and go to my father, and I will say to
him, "Father, I have sinned...'" (Lk 15: 18).
God, clearly represented by the father in the parable,
welcomes every prodigal child who returns to him. He welcomes him
through Christ, in whom the sinner can once again become
"righteous" with the righteousness of God. He welcomes him,
because for our sake he made his eternal Son to be sin. Yes, only
through Christ can we become the righteousness of God (cf. 2 Cor 5: 21).
6. "God so loved the world that he gave his only
Son". Here, in synthesis, is what the mystery of the world's
redemption means! We must fully understand the value of the great gift
the Father has given us in Jesus. We must keep the eyes of our soul
fixed on Christ—the Christ of Gethesmane, Christ
scourged, crowned with thorns, carrying the cross and, finally,
crucified. Christ took upon himself the burden of the sins of all
people, the burden of our own sins, so that through his saving sacrifice
we might be reconciled to God.
Today, Saul of Tarsus who became St Paul, stands before
us as a witness: he had an extraordinary experience of the power of the
Cross on the way to Damascus. The risen Christ revealed himself to him
in all his dazzling power: "Saul, Saul, why do you persecute
me?"... "Who are you, Lord?" ... "I am Jesus, whom
you are persecuting" (Acts 9: 4-5). Today Paul, who had such a
powerful experience of the Cross of Christ, addresses a fervent prayer
to us: "We beg you not to receive the grace of God in vain".
This grace is offered to us, St Paul insists, by God himself, who tells
us today: "In an acceptable time I have heard you; on a day of
salvation I have helped you" (2 Cor 6: 1-2).
Mary, Mother of forgiveness, help us to accept the grace
of forgiveness which the Jubilee generously offers us. Make the Lent of
this extraordinary Holy Year an acceptable time, a time of
reconciliation, a time of salvation for all believers and for everyone
who is searching for God!