Imagine that you yourself are building an edifice of human destiny
that has the ultimate aim of making people happy and giving them
finally peace and rest, but that to achieve this, you are faced
inevitably and inescapably with torturing just one tiny baby, say that
small fellow who was just beating his fists on his chest, so that you
would be building your edifice on his unrequited tears would you agree
to be its architect under those conditions? Tell me, and don't lie!
Dostoevski, The Brothers Karamazov.
Fetal experimentation is a myth: A horror-story concoction dreamed up
out of thin air by anti-choice activists in a failed attempt to shock
the public, which has the common sense to know better. Since they cannot
curtail women's rights through the courts or legislators, anti-choicers
are resorting to pure fabrications and outright lies.
As Ann Landers said in her July 16, 1985 syndicated advice column on
this subject, "Never in my 30 years of writing this column have I
run into such half-baked distortions, complete lies and twisted facts
contrived to make a story sound believable."
And so I looked and saw a kind of banner rushing ahead, whirling
with aimless speed as though it would not ever take a stand; behind it
an interminable train of souls pressed on, so many I wondered how
death could have undone so great a number.
Dante, The Inferno, Canto III: 52-57.
Ann Landers and other fanatic pro-abortion media types know for a
fact that, if they allow the details about fetal experimentation and
other abortion-related horror stories get to the public, the result
would be incredibly damaging to the elaborately-constructed veneer of
civility cultivated by the abortion pushers.
So, like all other pro-aborts, she simply ignores any and all
evidence and denies that such acts are happening, all the while
screaming "lies!" and "fabrications!"
The Psychology of Fetal
Our continuing disagreements on fetal research, abortion or the
nontreatment of seriously handicapped newborns result not from a lack
of facts or want of shared principles, but from diverging visions of
what it means to be human and of the nature and purpose of human life.
Ethicist Hans Tiefel.
The Role of Guilt.
Fetal experimentation is merely one relatively small outgrowth of the
anti-life mentality, which is driven by guilt because no matter how deep
its adherents try to bury it, their consciences continue to plague them.
They know that killing is wrong, and the fetal experimenters feel a
little better if they can extract some good from the appalling carnage
that the abortionists are wreaking. As Paul Ramsey has said so
correctly, "We are determined to wrest by our scientific works some
good out of guilt-laden harmfulness to fetal life."
William Gaylin and Marc Laape (president and associate for biological
sciences at the Hastings Institute), displayed this nagging sense of
guilt when they claimed that
Since we know we are going to destroy, dismember and discard the
fetus in a procedure known as abortion, it seems a small indignity to
expose it to rubella vaccine just prior to that termination. The
medical ethic 'do no harm' would, of course, be violated but we have
already violated that principle when we accepted the concept of
abortion. The ultimate harm of destroying the fetus trivializes that
which precedes it.
And Dr. Jerald Gaull, chief of pediatric research at New York State
Institute for Basic Research in Mental Retardation on Staten Island,
says "Rather than it being immoral to do what we are trying to do,
it is immoral it is a terrible perversion of ethics to throw these
fetuses in the incinerator as is usually done, rather than to get some
Contrast this type of attitude to that of Dr. Andre E. Hellegers,
Professor of Obstetrics and Director of Georgetown University's Kennedy
Institute for the Study of Biomedical Ethics, who has identified the
attitude that researchers with any morals should have;
No one can give consent for research on an aborted fetus. To ask a
mother who is seeking an abortion to consent to an experiment on the
abortus is meaningless. It would be like asking consent from a parent
who had abandoned or battered a child. To me, it's like a Nazi saying,
'Since we're going to put all those Jews in the gas chamber anyway,
let's get some good out of them by doing medical experiments
Of course, Nazi doctors did say these things in their own
defense during the Nuremberg trials. Dr. Julius Hallervorden testified
that he said that "If you are going to kill all these [Jewish]
people, at least take the brains out so that the material may be
This guilt has grown enormously in scale as the death toll mounts
into the tens of millions, and only more and newer promises of
"beneficial" experimentation will soothe it. Of course, such
guilt grows exponentially. Researchers search desperately for new uses
for living fetal tissues; Parkinson's Disease, Alzheimer's Disease,
spinal cord and brain injuries; juvenile diabetes, retinoblastomas, and
so on. There are at least five million cases of the above
diseases and injuries in the United States today. Even though there is
no solid evidence that fetal tissue transplantation will help anyone,
just the possibility of helping all of those people helps assuage
the massive guilt somewhat.
The Biological 'Slippery Slope.'
The "slippery slope" has never been more vividly
demonstrated as in fetal experimentation. Bioethicist Mary B. Mahowald
of the Hasting Center says that;
As with many troublesome ethical issues, the slippery slope
argument is applicable to transplantation of fetal tissues. For
example, we may initially permit only the transplantation of tissues
from dead fetuses. If this does not prove successful or adequate, we
may then transplant tissue from nonviable but living fetuses.
Routinization of the practice could lead to transplantation of larger
and larger portions of the brain, to transplantation of entire brains
from viable fetuses, or to harvesting organs from other donors who are
not dead, but are dying or chronically ill.
We began the process of sabotaging our fertility with artificial
contraception, of course, and proceeded to 'garden-variety' abortion.
Then, we tried to extract good out of the situation by harvesting organs
from dead preborn babies. It was not long before we began to experiment
on live preborn babies. We are now harvesting organs, not only
from live preborn babies, but from newborn infants as well!
Therefore, fetal tissue experimentation and transplants have already
led to infanticide. They, in concert with the bizarre visions of the
euthanasiasts, will soon surely demand direct adult euthanasia.
Medical Experimentation on
Living Preborn Babies.
The very probability that we may be faced with a human person in
the full sense constitutes, in my opinion, an absolute veto against
any type of [fetal] experimentation.
Bioethicist Bernard Haring.
Many pro-lifers (and all pro-aborts) scoff at stories of fetal
experimentation that seem to be derived from class 'B' horror flicks.
But the horror is real, and is described not on the wide screen, but in
prestigious medical journals.
If these atrocities are proudly displayed and described in the
world's medical publications, we can only wonder what hideous practices
are being carried out in secret!
A few examples of published experiments on living preborn
babies are listed below.
In the mid-1970s, researchers from four British medical schools began
experimentation on live, late-term aborted babies. Dr. Ian Donald, the
British gynecologist who first applied ultrasound to obstetrics, told
Father Paul Marx of Human Life International that he had personally
witnessed experiments being performed on near-term alive aborted babies
at Sweden's Karolinska Institute. The babies, who were not even afforded
the mercy of anesthetic, writhed and cried in agony, and when their
usefulness had expired, they were executed and discarded as garbage.
This is the inhuman legacy of abortion.
Decapitation and Experimentation.
At the University of Helsinki in Finland, Dr. Peter Adam of Case
Western Reserve University participated in experiments on unborn babies
of up to 21 week's gestation who were aborted by hysterotomy
(Cesarean-type abortion). The babies were kept alive and then their
heads were cut off (the researchers thought that such a term was too
grisly to use, so they employed the Newspeak classic "isolating
surgically from the other organs").
This was the same type of 'research' performed by Russian lab workers
who had kept "surgically isolated" dog heads alive in
the early 1950s.
The alleged purpose of this "research," as described in the
June 1973 issue of Medical World News, was to ascertain the
chemical-processing capability of live fetal brain cells. The cranial
tissues were kept alive for up to 30 minutes by pumping fluids through
Dr. Adam later presented the results of his experimentation at an
American Pediatric Society symposium, and also published his conclusions
in the Transactions of the American Pediatric Society and the Acta
The August 8, 1975 Federal Register noted the details of this
particularly ghastly experiment, which echoed very strongly those
performed in Nazi hospitals;
To learn whether the human fetal brain could metabolize ketone
bodies as an alternative to glucose, brain metabolism was isolated in
8 human fetuses (12-17 weeks gestation) after hysterotomy abortion by
perfusing the head separated from the rest of the body. This study,
conducted in Finland, demonstrated that the human fetus, like
previously studied animal fetuses, could modify metabolic processes to
utilize ketone bodies.
When colleagues criticized him for his ghastly experiments, Dr. Adam
replied that "Once society's declared the fetus dead, and abrogated
its rights, I don't see any ethical problem ... Whose rights are we
going to protect once we've decided the fetus won't live?"
The March 15, 1973 Washington Post reported that Dr. Gerald
Gaull, Chief of Pediatrics at the New York State Institute of Basic
Research in Mental Retardation, "... injects radioactive chemicals
into fragile umbilical cords of fetuses freshly removed from their
mother's womb in abortions. While the heart is still beating, he removes
their brains, lungs, livers, and kidneys for study."
Notice how this ghoul didn't wait even a month after Roe v. Wade
in order to conduct his grisly experiments!
God's Finest Works: "Just Garbage."
Representative Mark Siljander (R-Michigan) testified before Congress
about how one university professor "... performed an experiment
involving the severed heads of 12 fetuses obtained by abdominal
hysterotomy. The fetus was not injected with an anesthetic when doctors
sliced open his stomach; the doctors maintained that this was of little
concern to the experimenters because, as the 'doctors' put it, "An
aborted baby is just garbage.""
An Australian legislator asked a genetics researcher why he used
human fetuses in his experiments rather than monkey fetuses, and the
researcher said that "Monkey fetuses were more precious, as there
were fewer of them available than human fetuses."
So now we have been reduced to assessing the total worth of a living
human being based purely upon its scarcity in comparison to animals.
The above grisly examples of experimentation on preborn babies are
not isolated aberrations. Whenever abortionists and other pro-death
doctors can find a secret niche in which they can hide their repulsive
activities from the public, they will commit horrors almost beyond
Virtually any abomination that can be committed against the
preborn is being committed against them in a dozen major American
Other examples of grisly fetal experiments that have been uncovered
include the following;
• In March of 1972, Wilhamine Dick, who was speaking before the
Pennsylvania Shapp Abortion Law Commission Hearings, stated that
abortionists at McGee Women's Hospital packed late-term aborted babies
in ice while they were still alive and shipped them to
laboratories for experimentation.
• In May of 1972, The New England Journal of Medicine
reported on an experiment to see whether or not rubella vaccine
viruses administered to pregnant women was capable of infecting their
babies. After the mothers were 'inoculated,' the late-term babies were
aborted to see what effects the vaccine had upon them. According to
the Journal, "Most of the samples, obtained by hysterotomy,
were delivered to the laboratory still surrounded by intact
• In March of 1973, Connecticut's Attorney General testified
before the United States Supreme Court that, at Yale-New Haven
Hospital, a living, viable aborted baby boy had been dissected without
anesthesia until he finally died.
• A certain Dr. Kekomaki would take late-term aborted babies and,
while they were still alive, would slice them open and ransack their
organs without even giving them an anesthetic. A nurse observed one
case and said that "They took the fetus and cut its belly open.
They said they wanted its liver. They carried the baby out of the
incubator and it was still alive. It was a boy. It had a complete
body, with hands, feet, mouth and ears. It was even secreting
urine." Asked to explain the reasons for this atrocious
'experiment,' Kekomaki replied that "An aborted baby is just
Spurred into action by the lurid details of experiments like those
listed above, Congress, on September 30, 1982, approved an amendment
prohibiting the National Institutes of Health from conducting or
supporting in any way; "... research or experimentation in the
United States or abroad on a living human fetus or infant, whether
before or after induced abortion, unless such research or
experimentation is done for the (sole) purpose of insuring the survival
of that fetus or infant."
Not That Old Chestnut Again!
My own research has been focused with the hope of providing some
information that might lead to the relief of pain and suffering of
individuals who suffer from neurological diseases. But that cannot be
the ultimate guideline for all that I do ... If I have to rely on the
death of another individual in order to extend the life of another, I
reject it and I have done this very forcefully.
Keith Crutcher, Ph.D.
Play It Yet Again, Sam ...
If a particular strategy works for anti- lifers in one area, they
will be certain to employ it in related fields in order to advance their
causes. This is only logical, and is to be expected of any group of
One of the most effective ploys used by pro-abortionists to obtain
abortion on demand was the old "separation of church and
state" allegation. This phrase (which is invariably aimed at the
Catholic Church) essentially holds that, if any government agency or
private organization endorses or promulgates any policy that happens to
coincide with the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, then the
policy must be scrapped because it is "forcing one religious view
on the populace at large," and is therefore "an impermissible
violation of the curtain of separation between church and state."
It never seems to occur to the 'gynecrats' that their own
policies and points of view also reflect religious teachings that
of the ultraliberal sects such as the Universalist Unitarians, the
United Church of Christ, and, of course, the Humanist religion itself.
The 'Experts' Speak.
As early as 1977, several law professors published articles asserting
that any existing limitations on fetal experimentation whatsoever should
be scrapped, because they are based on a "Judeo-Christian
premise," and that there was "no extrinsic secular
justification" for protecting the unborn.
Shortly thereafter, the Dean of the Stanford University Law School
stated that, if legislation were passed restricting fetal
experimentation, in-vitro fertilization, or genetic manipulation
of humans in any way, such regulations would be challengeable on the
grounds that they violated the Constitutional separation of church and
It remains to be seen if these 'distinguished' scholars would support
an attempt to throw out laws against rape and murder because they are
based on a "Judeo-Christian premise."
The Humanist View of Baby Humans.
Since Humanists really have no use for a human soul, they naturally
look upon human beings as just another species of animal, which can be
bred or aborted or genetically tampered with at will.
'Bioethicist' Michael Lockwood reports that
From my point of view, there is nothing intrinsically wrong with
experimenting on human embryos, given that there is no intention of
reimplanting them, and therefore no particular point, ethically
speaking, in looking for alternatives ... I should have thought that,
from any sane point of view, it was far preferable to experiment on a
near-microscopic blob of unfeeling protoplasm than a feeling, caring
being, albeit of a different species.
In 1974, the FDA approved a prostaglandin Prostin F2 Alpha, for use
in second trimester abortions. The use of this compound often results in
the delivery of a live baby in the late second and early third trimester
which can then be used in experiments. Dr. Durt Hirshhorn of New York's
Sinai Hospital enthused that "... with prostaglandins, you can
arrange the whole abortion so [the baby] comes out viable in the sense
that it can survive hours, or a day ... It is not possible to make this
fetus into a child, therefore we can consider it as nothing more than a
piece of tissue."
Chimeras: Another Step
Down the Slope.
As gradually improving techniques permit fetal growth to later and
more mature stages, then the issue of disposal will be met head-on in
form of the following presently unresolved questions: When do fetuses
acquire the status of protectable humanity? ... If brought to term,
will they finally be admitted into the human community or will they
still be considered material appropriate for further experimentation?
Bioethicist Robert S. Morison.
This complete disregard for moral limits in fetal experimentation has
led to entirely predictable results. Some of the experimentation on
preborn babies and fertilized eggs now taking place has led to horrors
that seem almost Satanic in their scope and execution.
Our scientific community is at the point where the search for arcane
'knowledge,' no matter how bizarre or utterly useless, is paramount, and
no other consideration can be allowed to even begin to limit this
headlong rush in any meaningful way.
One of the truly horrific specters that now haunt some pro-lifers
include the invention of actual chimeras, genetic combinations with both
human and animal characteristics. These represent a new (and, according
to the experimenters, 'extremely promising') field of study.
Mating Men and Hamsters.
The new chimeral technology is already being widely used to test male
fertility. According to the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) of the
United States Congress, men can learn whether or not their sperm are
infertile by having them penetrate hamster eggs;
Hamster-egg penetration assay: The husband's sperm are incubated
with hamster eggs and watched for signs of fertilization. While
penetration of the ova by a sperm is a sign of normal sperm, the
reliability and significance of the test is controversial. Food for
thought: conception between an animal and a man takes place during
this laboratory procedure. Average cost: $275 ($35-390).
The 'Humanized Mouse.'
San Francisco General Hospital's Dr. J. Michael McCune has created
what the news media immediately tagged the "humanized mouse."
McCune was unwilling to experiment with the AIDS virus by injecting
it into human adults, and, in light of the fact that AIDS only infects
humans, he took what would seem to some as a logical step.
An October 1990 New York Times report explains that
"Animals, whose organ tissues are derived from those of human
fetuses, provide a singular opportunity to gauge the effectiveness of
various antiviral drugs."
The article went on to describe how McCune, whose research was funded
by the National Institutes for Health, removes the thymus, liver, and
lymph nodes from aborted human babies of up to 22 weeks gestation, and
proceeds to divide them into hundreds of rice-sized pieces.
These he implants under the kidneys of young mice, and, within a
matter of days, the mouses's blood vessels move into the human tissue
and support it as it grows. After a month or so, the rice-sized pieces
develop into tiny complete human organs about a centimeter across which
can then be experimented on.
And You Thought Pit Bulls Were Bad ...
According to his autobiography, one of famous heart surgeon Christian
Barnard's greatest dreams was to "... take a baboon and cool him
down, wash out his blood with water, then fill him up with human
Another project that he wished he had the time and resources to do
was to graft a second head onto a dog.
And They Dream On ...
We must recognize why the use of human fetal tissue is being
advocated in the first place: precisely because it IS human.
Ralph DeGeorgio, M.D.
Many scientists, drunk with the euphoria of treading where no human
has dared go before, are plunging headlong into lines of research that
would have been unthinkable a few years ago. In addition to arcane
knowledge, they have also acquired a dangerous elitist attitude. As one
leading researcher boasted, "[Scientists] have the right to
exercise their professional activities to the limit ... as lay attitudes
struggle to catch up with what scientists can do."
In other words, ethics and morals, along with judgment, have been
sacrificed in order to advance the mad dash for knowledge. This
philosophy has destroyed all limits, so that now the rule is, quite
simply, if it can be done, it must be done, and damn the
For example, if researchers continue along current lines of inquiry,
it will soon be possible for a woman to conceive and bear her own
(younger) identical twin sister; it will be possible to allow human
embryos to gestate in apes of various species (or even in bovines) in
order to bypass the legal barriers now springing up against surrogate
motherhood; and it may well soon be possible to fulfill the
long-standing homosexual fantasy of male pregnancy.
Where Are We Being Led?
The noted French biologist Dr. Jean Rostand wrote in all seriousness
a few years ago that
Here and now Homo Sapiens is in the process of becoming Homo
Biologicus, a strange biped that will combine the properties of
self-reproduction without males, like the green fly; of fertilizing
his female at long distance, like the nautiloid mollusk; of changing
sex, like the xiphores; of growing from cuttings, like the earthworm;
of replacing his missing parts, like the newt; of developing outside
his mother's body, like the kangaroo; and of hibernating, like the
These are not the mad pipe dreams of some isolated quack. Many
leading scientists have advocated the creation of chimeras part-human
and part-animal or plant creatures whose usefulness for various purposes
would be enhanced by their new 'qualities.'
Dr. Robert C. Gesteland, an associate professor of biological
sciences at Northwestern University in Illinois, has suggested (1)
crossing man with plants, so all we'd need for food would be water and
sunlight; (2) developing a servant class of supersmart apes; and (3)
best of all, breeding a race of humans only four inches tall, which
would lessen pollution and conserve natural resources.
Watch Out for Leo the Housecat!
It's funny how educated people often don't think about the practical
aspects of their hopes and dreams. Presumably, if Gesteland's dreams
came true, (1) we could pass up a McDonald's and simply graze at the
side of the road, (2) we would create and enslave another species, and
(3) we would shrink ourselves to the point where pigeons would become
our predators and housecats would be comparatively as large as
Dr. George Haldane (the late British geneticist) predicted that we
might breed a race of legless humanoid mutants with prehensile tails or
feet for space travel. Other scientists would like to see women laying
eggs that could be hatched or eaten (i.e., use our own young as a
gourmet food source); human beings with gills to facilitate underwater
travel; and people with two sets of arms and hands, one for heavy work,
the other for lighter tasks.
We are already most of the way down Gerald Leach's "Ladder of
Unnaturalness." Herds of prime cattle embryos are flown across the
Atlantic Ocean in the wombs of female rabbits. Lesbians are now making
men superfluous with sperm banks. The exploitation of women as
'wombs-for- hire' is the first step towards parthenogenesis and actual
Joseph Fletcher's Last Word.
The Humanistic foundation for chimeral and other exotic research
using preborn babies perhaps inevitably sprang from the fevered mind of
the most outspoken and radical 'bioethicist' of all time, Joseph
Fletcher, who asserted that
If the greatest good of the greatest number (i.e., the social good)
were served by it, it would be justifiable not only to specialize the
capacities of people by cloning or by constructive genetic
engineering, but also to bio-engineer or bio-design para-humans or
"modified men" as chimeras (part animal) or cyborg-androids
(part prostheses). I would vote for cloning top-grade soldiers and
scientists, or for supplying them through other genetic means, if they
were needed to offset an elitist or tyrannical power plot by other
cloners a truly science-fiction situation, but imaginable. I suspect I
would favor making and using man- machine hybrids rather than
genetically designed people for dull, unrewarding or dangerous roles
needed nonetheless for the community's welfare perhaps the testing of
suspected pollution areas or the investigation of threatening volcanos
People who appeal to Brave New World and Nineteen Eighty-Four and
Fahrenheit 451 forget this, that the tyranny is set up first and then
genetic controls are employed.
Coital reproduction, is, therefore, less human than laboratory
reproduction more fun, to be sure, but with our separation of baby
making from lovemaking, both become more human because they are
matters of choice, and not chance. This is, of course, essentially the
case for planned parenthood. I cannot see how either humanity or
morality are served by genetic roulette.
To be men we must be in control. That is the first and the last
ethical word. For when there is no choice, there is no possibility of
ethical action. Whatever we are compelled to do is a-moral.
Rights are nothing but a formal recognition by society of certain
human needs, and as needs change with changing conditions, so rights
should change too. The right to conceive and bear children has to stop
short of knowingly making crippled children and genetics gives us that
knowledge ... It is human need that validates rights, not the other
References: Fetal Experimentation.
 Dostoevski, The Brothers Karamazov. As quoted in Babette
Francis. "In Vitro Fertilization and the Feminist Dilemma:
"This is Jenny."" Fidelity Magazine, April 1987,
 Richard Glasow. "Ann Landers Grossly Distorts Facts About
Experimentation on Babies Born Through Abortion." National Right
to Life News, August 22, 1985, page 10.
 Ethicist Hans Tiefel. "Fetal Experimentation in Conflicting
Perspectives." Bioethics Reporter, January 1984.
 Paul Ramsey. The Ethics of Fetal Research. Yale University
Press, New Haven, Connecticut, 1975.
 William Gaylin and Marc Laape (president and associate for
biological sciences at the Hastings Institute). "Fetal Politics:
The Debate on Experimenting with the Unborn." Atlantic Monthly,
 Dr. Jerald Gaull, chief of pediatric research at New York State
Institute for Basic Research in Mental Retardation on Staten Island,
quoted in "Operations on Live Fetuses." San Francisco
Chronicle, April 19, 1973, page 20.
 Dr. Andre E. Hellegers, Professor of Obstetrics and Director of
Georgetown University's Kennedy Institute for the Study of Biomedical
Ethics. Quoted in "'Live' Abortus Research Raises Hackles of Some,
Hopes of Others." Medical World News, October 5, 1973, pages
32, 33, and 36. Available as Reprint #611 from the Institute of Society,
Ethics, and Life Sciences, Hastings-on-Hudson, New York 10706.
 Nazi doctor Julius Hallervorden, Nuremberg trials, 1945. Quoted
in William Brennan. The Abortion Holocaust: Today's Final Solution.
Order from Landmark Press, Post Office Box 13547, 1461 Dunn Road, St.
Louis, Missouri 63138, or Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton,
Virginia 24174, telephone: (703) 586-4898. 1983, 237 pages.
 Mary B. Mahowald, Jerry Silver, and Robert A. Ratcheson.
"The Ethical Options in Fetal Tissue Transplants." The
Hastings Center Report, April 1987.
 Bernard Haring. Ethics of Manipulation. New York: Seabury
Press, 1975. Pages 198 and 199.
 Father Paul Marx, O.S.B. Confessions of a Pro-Life Missionary.
Gaithersburg, Maryland: Human Life International, page 111.
 "Post-Abortion Fetal Study Stirs Storm." Medical
World News, June 8, 1973, page 21. Also see Peter A.J. Adam, N.
Ratha, E. Rohiala, et al. "Cerebral Oxidation of Glucose and
D-Beta Hydroxy, Butyrate in the Isolated Perfused Human Head." Transactions
of the American Pediatric Society, 309:81, 1973.
 Joan Wester Anderson. "Beyond Abortion Fetal
Experimentation, New Upjohn Drug Delivers Perfect Fetus for Laboratory
Use." Our Sunday Visitor, April 13, 1975, page 1. Also
reported in the Washington Post, April 15, 1973.
 Mark Kahabka. "Eugenics Revisited." Fidelity
Magazine, July/ August 1988, page 13.
 Donald DeMarco. In My Mother's Womb: The Catholic Church's
Defense of Natural Life. Manassas, Virginia: Trinity Communications.
1987. Page 133.
 Anttis Vaheri, Time Vesikari, et al. "Isolation of
Attenuated Rubella-Vaccine Virus From Human Products of Conception and
Uterine Cervix." New England Journal of Medicine. May 18,
1972, Volume 286, Number 20, pages 1,071 to 1,074.
 Our Sunday Visitor. "Cardinal Relates Horror Story
About Human Fetuses." March 29, 1987, page 23.
 Robert W. Lee. "How Planned Parenthood Uses $30 Million in
Tax Money to Promote Abortion." National Federation for Decency Journal.
July 1987, pages 4 to 7.
 Keith Crutcher, Ph.D., at his February 1991 Minnesota Citizens
Concerned for Life banquet speech. Quoted in Judie Brown. "Fetal
Tissue Research: Cannibalizing Our Children." Four-page pamphlet
available from American Life League, Post Office Box 1350, Stafford,
 Jane Friedman. "The Federal Fetal Experimentation
Regulations: An Establishment Clause Argument." Minnesota Law
Review, June 1977.
 As described in Charles J. Sykes. "Medical Nightmares:
German Doctors/American Doctors." Milwaukee: Catholic League for
Religious and Civil Rights, 1987, page 14.
 Michael Lockwood. "The Warnock Report: A Philosophical
Appraisal." Moral Dilemmas in Modern Medicine (Oxford,
1985). Pages 167 and 168.
 National Observer, April 21, 1973. Also described in
Donald DeMarco. In My Mother's Womb: The Catholic Church's Defense of
Natural Life. Manassas, Virginia: Trinity Communications. 1987, page
 Robert S. Morison. "The Human Fetus as Useful Research
Material." Hastings Center Report, April 1973, pages 8 to
11. Available as Reprint #609 from the Institute of Society, Ethics, and
Life Sciences, Hastings-on- Hudson, New York 10706.
 Office of Technology Assessment, United States Congress. Infertility:
Medical and Social Choices. Publication OTA-BA-358. Washington, DC:
United States Government Printing Office, May 1988, page 141.
 Sandra Blakeslee. "New Medical Research Tool: Human Tissues
in Lab Mice." New York Times, October 30, 1990. Also
described in Mary Meehan. "Unborn Victims." National
Catholic Register, January 6, 1991, pages 1 and 7.
 Dr. Christian Barnard, in his autobiography entitled One Life.
Quoted in Malcolm Muggeridge. "The Humane Holocaust." Human
Life Review, Winter 1980, pages 13 to 22.
 Ralph DeGeorgio, M.D. Tissue and Organ Donation By Aborted
Preborn and Anencephalic Infants: Medical Aspects of Human Fetal
Transplantation. University of Southern California School of
Medicine, 1990, page 226.
 As described in International Life Times, November 7,
1980. Page 9.
 Paul Ramsey, Ph.D. "On In Vitro Fertilization."
Human Life Review, Winter 1979, pages 17 to 30.
 R.G. Edwards and D.J. Sharpe. "Social Values and Research
in Human Embryology." Nature 231:87-91(1971).
 Joseph Fletcher. "Ethical Aspects of Genetic
Controls." New England Journal of Medicine (285:776-783,
1971). Available as Reprint #104 from the Institute of Society, Ethics
and the Life Sciences, Hastings- On-Hudson, New York 10706.
Further Reading: Fetal Experimentation.
Donald DeMarco, Ph.D. In My Mother's Womb: The Church's Defense
of Natural Life.
Hardcover, paperback. Order from: Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life,
Thaxton, Virginia 24174, telephone: (703) 586- 4898. An eloquent defense
of the Catholic Church's defense of human life. An examination of
abortion's languages and perspective, the unborn, contraception and
bio-engineering. Also covered are the Church's perspective on new
technologies, including in-vitro fertilization, surrogate
motherhood, fetal experimentation, and genetic engineering. See
especially Chapter 1, "Abortion and Church Teaching," pages 7
to 25, "Abortion and Bio-Engineering," pages 82 to 88, and
"In Vitro Fertilization," pages 143 to 159.
Eugene F. Diamond, M.D. This Curette for Hire.
Published by the ACTA Foundation, 4848 North Clark Street, Chicago,
Illinois 60640. 1977, 141 pages. Order from: Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun
Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174, telephone: (703) 586-4898. The author
discusses the deterioration of medical ethics and the critical role of
the doctor in all anti-life activities: Abortion, fetal experimentation,
sterilization, euthanasia, infanticide, sex therapy, abortifacients, and
Debra Evans. Without Moral Limits: Women, Reproduction, and the
New Medical Technology.
Westchester, Illinois: Crossway Books, 1989. 288 pages. See
especially Chapter 5, "Egg Harvesting and Embryo Experimentation:
Lab-Oriented Concepts," pages 68 to 81, and Chapter 6,
"Infertility Diagnosis and Treatment: To Catch a Falling
Star," pages 84 to 97; Chapter 7, "In-Vitro
Fertilization and Embryo Transfer: Sex in a Dish?," pages 100 to
117; and Chapter 8, "Embryo Transplants: The By- Products of
Manufactured Conception," pages 120 to 137.
Sean O'Reilly, M.D. Bioethics and the Limits of Science.
Front Royal, Virginia: Christendom College Press, 1980. 176 pages.
Reviewed by Robert E. Joyce, Ph.D. in the Fall 1980 issue of the International
Review of Natural Family Planning, pages 274 to 276. Recommended for
college students in a Christian context.
Suzanne M. Rini. Beyond Abortion: A Chronicle of Fetal
Magnificat Press, 315 Main Street, Post Office Box 365, Avon, New Jersey
07717. 1988, 212 pages. Detailed review by Paul J. Reynolds in the
July/August 1988 Fidelity Magazine. Mrs. Rini documents the role
of the medical community, including the National Institute of Health and
March of Dimes, in live, non-therapeutic experimentation of preborn
children. She exposes the international network of fetal experimenters,
which include abortion mills, geneticists, medical laboratories,
government agencies, public health officials, and private foundations.
© American Life League BBS — 1-703-659-7111
This is a chapter of the Pro-Life Activist’s Encyclopedia published
by American Life League.